The jurisdictional boundaries of Gandangara Local Aboriginal Land Council (GLALC) span (in whole or in part), six Local Government Areas in the South Western Sydney region. These include Liverpool, Fairfield, Canterbury-Bankstown, Parramatta, Cumberland, and the Sutherland Shire. As a Local Aboriginal Land Council, Gandangara was established in 1984 after the passing of the Aboriginal Land Rights Act 1983 (NSW), when Minister Walker apportioned land for the Aboriginal peoples in the South Western Sydney region.
The network of 120 Local Aboriginal Land Councils (LALCs) is divided into 9 regions:
11 Local Aboriginal Land Councils make up the Sydney/Newcastle region: